The Austrian M.95 & Variations
All in 8x50R, with 19.5in barrel, oal. of 39.5in, 5rd clip, front site directly on the barrel (no barrel band), circular cocking knob, rear sight is same as M1888/90 Mannlicher graduated to 2400 paces. Stamped on receiver OE/WG/Steyr
1) Carbine: no bayonet lug, no stacking rod, sling swivels on left side first barrel band and wrist of the stock.
2) Stutzen: Large bayonet lug on left side for M1888 type bayonet, stacking rod under barrel, sling swivels under stock and first barrel band. Or Bayonet lug on right side and no stacking rod.
Additional photos of M1890 (rotate locking lugs & bolt face)
3) Police-Carbine: No bayonet lug or stacking rod, sling swivels as in stutzen.
The M1890 was made thru 1894. [note: Not to be confused with the M1890 straight pull without the forward locking lugs (same bolt type as the M1886) which continued to be made during these same years.]
Made in large numbers from 1896 thru 1918 in Austria (Steyr) and FEG (Budapest). A number of M95's were made in Czechslovakia in 1919-1920 from war reparation equipment bearing the BRNO stamp. Carried by the Austrian Army in the interwar period. Will occasionally bear the HV proof for that time period. Used as a garrison and prison guard secondary weapon during the Nazi period. Used by a number of Balkan countries and Italy post wwI (captured weapons).
All: Origonally chambered for 8x50R from a 5 shot Mannlicher clip. Stamped on receiver over the chamber, either STEYR/M.95 or BUDAPEST/M.95. Military proofs of either Wn-[eagle]-year (Vienna) or Bp-(Hungarian Crest)-year usually on top of barrel over chamber. Four groove rifling with a right hand twist and approx 1-10in twist. All except for one carbine variation will have a front barrel band with a stacking rod on the left and the bayonet lug on the under side.
1) Rifle: oal. of 50in, barrel length of 30.1 inch. Rear sight graduated to 2600 paces (1950 meters). Front sling swivel under the first barrel band and rear sling swivel midway along the underside of the stock. Front sight on a barrel band.
2) Stutzen: oal of 40in, barrel length of 19in. Front sling swivel under the first barrel band and rear sling swivel midway along the underside of the stock. Front sight mounted directly on the barrel. Rear sight is shorter than that on the rifle and graduated to 2400 paces.
3) Carbine: same as stutzen except sling swivel or fixed sling loop on the left of the first barrel band, and rer sling swivel or loop fixed to a bolt thru to the left of the pistol grip.
4) Stutzen-Carbine has both types of sling swivels.
Any of the above may be encountered in either the origonal 8x50Rimmed caliber, or converted to the M30 (1930) Austrian, 8x56Rimmed cartridge (also called M31 Hungarian). Generally the guns converted to 8x56R will have a large "S" stamped over the chamber to indicated they were rechambered for the 'spitzer' round. Some Hungarian conversions to 8x56R were stamped with a large "H" instead. [note, one may encounter a spitzer version of the 8x50R cartridge also, see my ammo photo.]
5) M95/34 Stutzen: This variation is a rifle which was cut down to stutzen length at the time it was converted to the M30 cartridge. It will typically have the longer rifle rear site and the front sight will be on a barrel band. Many of these guns will be made up of arsenal reconditioned parts and may not be origonal matching.
Per Dennis Kroh of Empire Arms, the M95/34's with the two small square cartouches on the top of the stock next to the buttplate were refinished by Bularia. He says to compare them to the Model 91/59's (Nagant carbines) for the answer.
A few Nazi proofed guns are seen, some with waffenamt metal, some with waffenamt wood. I am told that those with the large waffenamt only on the wood were a recent forgery from eastern europe.
Ammo: Boxer primed cases for both 8x50 and 8x56 are available from Huntington and Old Western Scrounger. The 8x50 uses a .323 dia bullet, while the 8x56 uses a .329 dia bullet. The .329 dia jacketed bullets are expensive, but available through either of the above sources. Casting your own .329 lead bullets would be a good option. There is no known source of surplus 8x50R ammo although Sarco used to have it. Surplus 8x56R ammo is available thru Old Western Scrounger per Dangerous Dave in late 2001. Surplus 8x56R ammo has been available through Century, Navy, SOG, & otther previously. I've seen it for sale on the firearm auction web sites. See my web links.
Here is a pointer to a web site which has M95 parts for sale and a disassembly diagram M95 Parts & Breakdown
Detailed M95 bolt removal and disassembly.