The Steyr M1912 Chilean Mauser
Top: M1912 7mm Long Rifle
Middle: M1912 7.62Nato Short Rifle
Bottom: M1912 7mm Short Rifle
Close Up of receivers & bolts
I hope the following observations will help others who are contemplating collecting one of the Steyr manufactured Model 1912 Mauser rifles (98 Mauser variant) with Chilean crest. There are 4 variations available. 1) Rifle with 29 inch barrel, 7mm 2) Rifle with 29 inch barrel, 7.62 Nato converted 3) Short Rifle with 21.5 inch barrel, 7mm 4) Short Rifle with 23 inch barrel, 7.62 Nato converted also 5) Possible, but not confirmed, Carbine with 18(?) inch barrel. The front of the receiver is stamped deeply with the crest of Chile, on the left of the crest is a standing Huemul (the Andes deer), on the right a standing condor, in the center a shield with a large 5-pointed star and with plumes out the top and boughs underneath the shield. Modelo 1912 is stamped under the crest on the receiver. The left side of the receiver side rail is stamped "WAFFENFABRIK STEYR" with "AUSTRIA" underneath. The crest is also stamped on the left of the stock with 1912 underneath. This is opposite the stock disk on the right side which is stamped with crossed miner's hammers, another Chilean Proof. (To the best of my knowledge 1912 is the only date appearing under the crest on the stock). The sling is retained at the rear by a quick-release attachment. There is a sling attachment in the normal place behind the stock's pistol grip. A second possible rear sling attachment is in the front of the trigger guard. The front of the sling is retained by a loop under the lower barrel band around the fore-stock and wooden hand guard, about midway on the barrel. The sling also comes with a heavy wire loop which may be used to pull the sling tight the length of the fore-stock to a hook which is on the underside of the "H" type Mauser nose cap. The receivers and bolts of these rifles were origonally 'in the white'. The 7mm rifle and SR are still that way. It appears that the 7.62 Nato SR are also still in the white. At least one refinished with receiver bluing, 7mm SR is reported, but it appears to be the only one. The 7mm short rifle's rear sight is a tangent type, graduated to 14 hundred meters. The (long) rifle's rear sight is a tangent type graduated up to 20 hundred meters. This longer (than on the 7mm SR) tangent sight is also found on the 7.62 NATO short rifle! The 7mm short rifle has a turned down bolt, as do the short rifles of this vintage from other manufacturers. The 7.62mm SR has a straight bolt! All four variations have a lower barrel band retaining clip on the right side of the fore stock. Both variations of the long rifle have a second retaining clip on the right side behind the nose cap. The 7mm SR does not have this second retaining clip,instead the nose cap is held in place by a bolt. the 7.62 Nato SR has a second retaining clip on the left side of the forestock; and its noted that the forestock of the SR is not long enough for two retaining clips on the same side of the rifle. The 7.62 SR has a longer barrel than the 7mm SR. *I am led to the conclusion that the 7.62 Nato short rifles are *conversions from 7mm long rifles. The 7.62mm SR conversions appear to still be 'in the white'. They have the stamp "NATO" underneath the factory "MODELO 1912" stamp in the receiver. Further, an etch or stamp of "-61" is to the right of the "MODELO 1912"; ie: "MODELO 1912-61" The Nato SR's have a 2 groove barrel. The 7.62 long rifle conversions appear to be much more recent than the SR conversions. The long rifles have been re-blued, to include bluing of the receiver. The rear of the long rifles receiver is stamped with "7.62" over an "N" . The long rifles have 4 groove barrels. These rifles do not show much wear since conversion. These guns were all made between 1912 and 1914. Production ceased at the outbreak of WWI. Ser #'s left side receiver & stock. The full serial number appears in 4 places on the rifles: 1) left front of receiver 2) left side of stock, just under the left front of receiver. 3) top of bolt handle 4) underneath the rifle in front of magazine well. The guns had matching cleaning rods serial numbered to the guns. The long rifle cleaning rod is 15.5 inches long as is the rod on the 7mm SR. The 7.62Nato SR rod is 10 inches. The cleaning rods are standard Mauser-type & function. Bayonets. The guns had bayonets and scabards serial numbered to the gun. The blades measure 10 inches in length. The right of the blade has the Chilean shield with star on it in front of the hilt. On the left side of the blade is the "OE" over "WG" for Oesterreichische Waffensfabriks Gesellschaft. The serial number on the blade is on the right side of the hilt. There is a small hole thru the handle, behind the hilt which is to help in cleaning the interior of the handle. The sheath has the serial number stamped into the button for the leather frog. Unfortunately, I have not seen any frogs. Observations. All serial numbers observed have been between A.nnnn to D.719n. All 7mm short rifles seen have been A.1nnn-A.5nnn. Conclusion; about 38,000 guns were manufactured. I appreciate any additions that you may make to my observations, and I will include them in any update to this information.
The Steyr M1912 Colombian Mauser
Serial number observed in 56nn range.
Crest is an eagle with spread wings within an oval. Ribbon under the eagle's talons with the words LIBERATAD and ORDER on either side of the eagle. Within the oval, under the eagle is a small shield with stars on either side.
Receiver side rail is marked "MODELO 1912" over "STEYR AUSTRIA".